Category Archives: socialism

Carers are workers too- towards a trade union for carers

Below, Michael Chewter puts the case for a Trade Union to represent home carers. A veteran socialist and long standing Labour Party member he has been attempting to get a debate going about the plight of those who have chosen (or had no real alternative) to become the main carer for their loved ones. Michael points out that many carers feel isolated, undervalued and without a voice. He calls for trade union representation for these workers, for that is what they are, although the government and society as a whole rarely treat them as such, paying them what amounts to a pittance of a Benefit for doing what is often a twenty-four hour job.

Michael has attempted through the TUC to find a union that is willing to recruit these workers but without success. The TUC show little interest as these workers are not in ‘paid work’, which is in itself a Catch 22 situation, for without a powerful voice like a trade union speaking on their behalf they are unlikely to gain the respect that they truly deserve. Of course from the Prime Minister down, politicians are forever singing the praises of carers; and so they might as they save the national exchequer billions of pounds.

For example, If one takes into account that it costs approximately £421.40 a week for residential care in a NHS dementia unit, rising to £650 for nursing dementia sufferers in a Residential care home and £500 per week plus to keep a disabled person or a sick and infirm pensioner in a care home, one gets an idea of the savings the Exchequer makes by placing the entire burden on the shoulders of this volunteer army of carers who receive a miserly sum under the Disability Care Allowance. The web site Carers Information estimates the savings for the Exchequer as £87 billion a year.*

Without a trade union or something very similarity Home Carers are left to the ever increasing Charity sector to make their case to the media, Government and local authorities. Which is something most Carers believe to be totally unacceptable and more to the point inadequate. Working people learnt long ago that we would have to create a political party of are own instead of allowing our so called betters in the Liberal Party to speak on our behalf in the political arena.

Home Carers who are at the sharp end of caring for the disabled and frail, should be able speak for themselves by being members of a Trade Union/independent organization, as they are the only people who can truly speak out on what it is like; and the needs and problems that arise when looking after another human being at home 24/7.


Carers are workers too- towards a trade union for carers.

By Michael Chewter

Up and down the land carers do a job of work. They care day in and day out for sick and disabled family members and others. They are a very varied bunch and their situations vary too. What they have in common is that their demanding and frequently skilled labour is not regarded as work.It is somehow regarded as normal for people to sacrifice their earning opportunities or their hard earned retirement in exchange for the pittance known as Carers’ Allowance. Not all even get that.They are charity cases and their cause is ostensibly promoted by charities who are part of a government promoted and funded nexus of management which extends well beyond carers to all the marginalised and excluded. If carers were not there the work they do would have to be undertaken by the public sector, at great expense.

Many carers want to speak for themselves, with an independent voice. For example, see Carer Watch.They also need trade union representation, in the view of some of us carers. There are already some employed carers who are trade union members, but the vast majority are not because they are classed as claimants and not employees.We need trade union representation too.

Michael Chewter is one of a group of carers who have founded Carer Watch an independent campaigning group run by carers for carers.



Filed under benefits, carers, community, disability, disabled, OAPs, responsibility. Organized Rage, socialism

Sinn Fein: A Case of Circuses when what is needed is bread.

One does not have to be a clairvoyant to see where Sinn Fein’s response to the recent disquiet expressed within the core Republican working class heartlands might lead. The party intends to shirk its own responsibility for the rise in anti social behavior in places like West Belfast by placing the blame on the community as a whole. ‘Bad parenting’ is the most common words one hears from SF reps these days, followed by, ‘these young hoods need to be dealt with by the courts far more harshly.’ In other words the SF party has reverted to the standard right wing speak so beloved of the English middle classes, although there is one major differences. When the English middle class media parrot such unthinking rubbish to avoid getting to the heart of societal problems that have there roots elsewhere, they are demanding that someone elses children be punished, i e those of the working classes. One can only hope that wiser heads will prevail and this response by SF was a knee jerk reaction after the leadership were taken by surprise by the anger that erupted after the murder of West Belfast man Frank McGreevy.

The press are doing what they can to take the pressure off Gerry Adams, one former Loyalist who now writes for the Irish Times even told his readers that, ” It is hard to know what precisely Gerry Adams and his party should be doing”
Oh really, perhaps I can help him here, what Sinn Fein’s leadership should start doing is resisting and by this I do not mean a call to arms, but a return to the pavement politics SF once excelled at, instead of spending all their time at Stormont or traveling the world. To a man/woman all the SF speakers at the Easter 1916 commemorations failed to deal with the issues that their constituency prioritise, Jobs, education, anti social behavior and policing. Instead they prattled on about the bright sunny uplands of an Irish Republic and boasted that SF presence in the Stormont administration had brought massive gains to the Republican heartlands,

Take Pearse Doherty, an able and likable up and coming Sinn Fein politician who told a crowd of more than 1,000 people at an Easter commemoration in Derry that progress was being made towards a united Ireland, that he was “greatly moved” by the sight of 125 Tricolors over graves of republicans, including the graves of 45 members of the Derry Brigade of the IRA who were killed on active service.

“Much has been done in the last twelve months. We are now in government, leading a power-sharing Executive at Stormont. We set ourselves a series of objectives, all of which have been achieved. We have Irish politicians taking decisions on Irish affairs.

Doherty’s oration to my mind smacks of circuses today and bread tomorrow, perhaps someone should remind Pearse that it is Ian Paisleys Democratic Unionist Party that leads the Stormont administration, and SF merely holds the position of deputy first minister. He also failed to mention exactly what the objectives he and his SF colleagues achieved in the last twelve months, without being over critical, about the only thing that stands out is that SF reps have joined the PSNI committees in the North, which to-date has brought the republican heartlands diddly squat.

Across the island of Ireland, SF speakers spoke almost identical words and contained with in their speeches is the worm that is destroying Sinn Fein as a party for progressive change. If all that was required was for Irish politicians to make decisions on Irish affairs there would have been no need for 800 years of struggle. As sadly throughout history; the English have always been able to find Irishmen to do their bidding, and as James Connolly once wrote,

“If you remove the English Army tomorrow and hoist the green flag over Dublin Castle, unless you set about the organization of the Socialist Republic your efforts will be in vain. England will still rule you. She would rule you through her capitalists, through her landlords, through her financiers, through the whole array of commercial and individualist institutions she has planted in this country and watered with the tears of our mothers and the blood of our martyrs.” *

The Sinn Fein speakers boast that they have power and influence but it is an illusion, however from where they sit life might seem fine, a regular wage, the ability to gain a mortgage on a nice home, subsidized travel at the tax payers expense and god knows what else, British civil servants calling them sir.

Yet none of the aforementioned means power as Doherty claims, it is merely the widow dressing of power. For real power within the northern Statelet resides where it always has within Whitehall in the bosom of the UK State.

The daily lives of those who live in working class West Belfast, and a number of other similar nationalist communities are an abject lesson in just how powerless politically SF has become. Jobs are still far and few between, eduction is not up to scratch, streets remain unswept, an underclass element amongst the youth are beginning to prey on their own communities, not least because idle hands do the devil’s work. Plus for the overwhelming majority of working class nationalists the PSNI is a British police force which is still unaccountable to the local communities it is supposed to serve. [Dirty streets are always the first sign of political incompetence, for if MPs,MLA,s and Councillors cannot jointly get the streets swept they are hardly likely to be able to deal successfully with more serious issues that weigh heavy on their constituents]

Instead of looking at the core reasons that lay behind this list of failure, all we are getting from SF is talk of tougher sentencing, bad parenting and such reactionary crap, which in itself raising the question, if SF are running the northern statelet as they claim, how come sentences are not tougher and bad parenting is not a thing of the past.

* James Connolly, from Socialism and Nationalism in Shan Van Vocht, January 1897.    

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Filed under north of Ireland-Polıtıcs, Organized Rage, Sinn Fein, socialism, unity

Rupert Murdoch seems to be a law unto himself.

Last month Organized Rage carried a piece entitled ‘Tommy Sheridan: Already vindicated by a jury of his Peers’. In the article I looked at the perjury changes that Sheridan, his wife and a number of comrades from Scottish Solidarity now face. I wrote that approximately forty-thousand police and support staff hours have been spent so far investigating this case, police who had been working on other more serious crimes were drafted in to work on this inquiry. Plus if you consider that in some areas of the UK when your home is burgled you are unlikely to be visited by a police officer, one gets an idea of the priority the Chief Constable of the Lothian and Borders Police gave to this enquiry. It is difficult not so conclude that Tommy Sheridan and his wife and comrades have been singled out for special treatment by elements within the UK State establishment, whether they be Businessmen, police, politicians or members of the judiciary.

Understandably Scottish Solidarity have questioned the objectivity of the Crown Office and the police in matters relating to the Murdoch press and when one takes into account the aforementioned one can hardly blame them. A recent decision made by the Crown Office not to prosecute the News of the World for a breach of UK electoral law, again highlights the fact that Rupert Murdoch and his media Empire seem to be a law unto themselves.

During last year’s Scottish local government election campaign, The News of the World published a story concerning Irene Lang, a Solidarity member who was standing as a candidate for a council seat in the Glasgow area, the story in the NoW breached the ‘Representation of the People Act 1982’ by lying about Mrs Lang’s 
personal circumstances. The paper accused her of fraudulently being 
on benefits by claiming a non existent back injury. There was no truth in the story 
and as such, under the act, it becomes a criminal offense during an 
election campaign to publish an untruthful article about a candidate which can clearly have an impact on their electoral campaign.

Despite a clear breach of the law the Crown Office have decided to drop the case. Mrs Lang said:
“When I took the evidence to the police station, the officer told me 
that it was a clear and obvious breach of the law. Yet, for some 
reason, it is deemed to not be ‘in the public interest’ to proceed 
with a criminal investigation or prosecution. My reputation has been 
damaged and there is no doubt this interfered with my election 
campaign as local voters were led to believe that I was fraud.”

Mrs Lang’s lawyer, Aamer Anwar, has written to the Procurator Fiscal and the Lord 
Advocate, seeking clarification on the decision.

Yesterday it was revealed in The Herald, one of Scotland’s leading newspapers through a Freedom of Information request, that Lothian & Borders police had only 
allocated 2 police officers and 800 hrs of police time to investigate 
the bugging of Tommy Sheridan’s car, a mere fraction of the resources 
allocated in the investigation relating to Sheridan’s alleged perjury during the court case that led to his victory over the New of the World. [The cost of the said investigation has now topped a million pounds]

It will be interesting to find out how many man hours etc the Scottish police put into investigating the News of the World’s breach of the election law, which in the many peoples eyes is a serious crime which should have been pursued through the courts.. *


Thanks to Jim M for updating me on this [MH]



Filed under media, murdoch, Organized Rage, socialism, Tommy-Sheridan

70th anniversary of the third and last of the infamous Moscow Show Trials

A friend recently reminded me that it was the 70th anniversary of the third and last of the infamous Moscow Show Trials that besmirched the name of socialism throughout much of the 20th Century. This time it was Lenin’s Party favorite Nikolia Bukharin who had been chosen by Stalin to take the lead role in this bloody legal farce, along with 20 co-defendants, all of whom had once been high State and Communist Party officials within the Soviet Union. As if to make it clear to his own supporters that no one was safe in their beds, Stalin placed a number of his own colleagues in the dock alongside Bukharin, amongst them Genrikh Yagoda, who in 1934 Stalin had appointed “People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs.” From this post Yagoda organized and had overseen the first Moscow Trial and set in motion the following two. Having helped Stalin eliminate almost all of Lenin close comrades, Stalin had no further use for him, beyond that is taking Yagoda’s life as a reminder to the core Stalinist clique not to forget who they owed their positions to.

These days we are used to politicians turning black into white by lying through their teeth, but the scale of Stalin’s deceit when he purged the veteran old Bolshevik Party elite takes ones breath away. Between 1936-1938 Stalin purged almost all of Lenin’s closest comrades who had carried through the October 1917 Bolshevik revolution. * These men and women, who had been life long revolutionaries and who after 1917 worked tirelessly in the upper echelons of the Soviet State. Were accused of the most heinous crimes of conspiring with western powers, including Nazi Germany, to assassinate Lenin and Stalin and other Soviet leaders, dismember the Soviet Union and restore capitalism. That these charges were totally and farcically false never seemed to enter the equation when millions of people around the world made their minds up on whether to believe them or not. Not least because due to the brutality of the GPU and the dire threats made against the defendants families, the majority of those in the dock admitted their ‘guilt’ when in reality they were totally innocent of the crimes they had been accused of. **

The elephant that was missing in the room where the Moscow Trials took place was Leon Trotsky, who by a quirk of history was temporarily beyond the clutches of Stalin’s secret police, having been expelled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Trotsky and his small band of young comrades had the colossal task of refuting the filth that the defendants of the Moscow Trials faced. Isolated in Mexico, having just arrived from a Europe which had closed its doors on him, having finally been given sanctuary as an act of revolutionary solidarity by President Lazaro Cardenas, Trotsky began work on what was to become a rousing denunciation of the lies, murderous thugishness, and blood stained deceit that lay at the heart of the Moscow Trials.

What ever one may feel about the political competence of some of Trotsky’s supporters today, he understood above all others that to capitulate to Stalinism would not lead to a socialist future but the reverse, it would be barbarism that would emerge. From his lonely exile not once did he capitulate on his core beliefs, going to his grave certain that the long dark night of Stalinism would finally lift and future generations of socialists would stumble and work alongside working class people to find a way to build socialist societies with a human face that benefited all of humanity.

* See photo of Lenin’s 1917 Central committee and their fate here.

** The Trial of the 21,

Moscow trials

The Moscow Trial – Max Shactman


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Filed under Die Linke-(Left Party), Moscow-trials, Organized Rage, socialism, stalinism, trotsky

The White Working Class: An illusion created from English middle class prejudice.

I had no intention of writing about the current BBC series “The White Season,” as for me it typifies the middle class arrogance that has driven almost all positive images of the British working classes from the pages of the national newspapers and off the UK’s TV screens. Not least by painting a middle class caricature of the working classes, which portrays us as work shy thicko’s, who live a demoralized empty lifestyle and who are putty in the hands of BNP racist bigots. Our TV screens are full of programs such as Little Britain and Katherine Tate, that portray us in the aforementioned manner; the common thread that runs through all these programs is that they are made by prejudiced middle class people who have about as much understanding of the working classes as a pea; and the ‘White Season’ is no different.

However when well intentioned leftist columnist like Seumas Milne fall into the same trap whilst attempting to defend working class people, I thought I would give my two pennies worth as an authentic son of the working class, although I ought to admit having a Harry Ramsden’s chain of chip shops on my shoulder when it comes to my class. Firstly lets get some facts out into the open, those who are behind the White Season are not centering on the working classes as they claim, but that section of the lumpen-proletariat that has existed since, if not before Marx and Dickens day; and who the media of the 1990s insultingly termed the ‘underclass.’

Whilst it is true that this lumpen element had an influx of working class people who fell hard and never recovered from the deindustrialization and anti trade union legislation introduced by the Thatcher government. [Which has been kept on the statute book by New Labour] There numbers still only make up a tiny fraction of what can be loosely described as the UK’s working class, and to get their numbers out of all perspective as the White Season does and bracket them as ‘the white working classes,’ is to display either crass stupidity and ignorance or down right middle class prejudice.

To suggest as Seumus has, that some of the worst racism can be found in working classes areas is a complete negation of the truth and worse it refuses to place the responsibility for racism where it initially lays. It was not the working class who institutionalized racism in the Metropolitan Police, nor maintains it in institutions like the British army, elite universities such as Oxbridge, the legal profession and dare I say it journalism. Remind me Seumas, how many black columnists and section editors does the Guardian employ? Before you blanket others as racist perhaps you should wield your extremely talented pen a little closer to home.

The British working class whilst not perfect by any means, is one of the most racially integrated groups of people in the world, why? Because it is amongst us the overwhelming majority of new comers to these islands live. I live in an area which since the 1950s has seen an influx of newcomers from Ireland, Scotland, the Indian sub continent, Bosnia, Poland, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, China and countless other nation’s, plus workers from every corner of the UK. Within a short period of time, after the initial shock of the new has worn off, they became our friends, neighbors, work-mates, son in laws and loved ones, etc, etc.

They join our social and sports clubs and trade unions; and these clubs and trade unions also became theirs, which kinda makes a nonsense of this ‘white working class.’ What you will find is working class people who are white, black and god knows what, living as harmoniously as it is possible for human beings to live. Of course amongst us we have people who suffer from racial prejudices, petty jealousies, and a host of other human weaknesses. Draw back a curtain on Britain’s middle class communities and you would find much the same, what you would not find is the ethnic melting pot that is working class Britain. Yet far from rejoicing in this, the media attack those who cannot bite back, that is the reason the so called ‘underclass’ is targeted in programs such as The White Season, Little Britain and the rest of the middle class crap.

If the media wished to hunt out bigots and racists they would do better by-passing Dagenham and going to the nearest middle class golf club, or if they really want to meet some first class bigots who do much harm, I would suggest the City of London, or perhaps a visit to the so called ‘gentleman’s clubs’ that line London’s Pall Mall, before stopping off at the House of Lords and then on to Rupert Murdoch’s media hub at Wapping.

The reason places like Dagenham has so many disgruntled people is because the multi national company Ford, that directly and indirectly used to employ 50 thousand people in the town, upped and left without a backward glance, leaving thousands without work and a large part of the area a desolate wasteland. Lets put the blame where it lays, not on some mystical bigoted white working class.

What the New Labour governments of Blair and Brown have done, is give confidence to the English middle classes to help claw back the social gains the working classes made in the three decades after the ending of WW2. In the process this has revived and reinforced the age old prejudices and contempt many middle class people have traditionally had for their fellow citizens who are working class. The UK media is putrid with class prejudice of the type a previous generation of middle class people had discarded, due to having fought the second world war and rebuilt post war Britain along side working class people and in the process they had come to understand and respect us. Sadly those heros have now left the stage, to be replaced by middle class in-breads who have been programed with Thatchers brand of neo-liberal hate.

No where is this middle class takeover more obvious than on the nations airwaves, especially in the TV soaps, where even the actors who portray working class children now come from a middle class background, thus we are witnessing the return of the “cor blimey gov, you’re a gent” style of acting.

Search for a regional accent on the BBC and you will search in vain, the front of mic broadcasters are middle class to the core and so are their prejudices. It is the same with those who write the TV shows, these days a Johnny Speight would not get a look in the door, nor would those great working class character actors who learnt their craft in the 1960 and 70’s, Phil Davies and Ray Winstone. As to Michael and Sean forget it, if they were starting out today, they would be seeing out their days at the meat market and on the milk round, for the chorus lines are once again full of nice middle class boys and we are back to the la de da style of acting, epitomized by Hugh Grant and Jude Law.

As to us working class people it is true far to many of us have withdrawn from the political fray, but can you blame us when not one of the mainstream parties represent our best interest but work actively against it. Nevertheless life goes on, we work, feed our families, have fun, take pride in our children and do our best to stand with our aging parents. True we are not the same class that we were in the 1950s and 60s, although in some ways we are better, we are less deferential, many of our children have gone to university, but still not yet enough.

Our employers try to treat us like shit as they always have, we do all we can to see they do not, our trade unions are still battling on and amongst us are more trade unionists than in almost any other Western nation. The difference between now and the past is that employers also treat their middle class employees like shit, some progress ah?

If we are to see any real political progress in this country that benefits all, the middle class must stop taking bites out of the working classes, whether culturally or economically; and join with us in a common crusade, for who can really doubt when this last occurred and jointly we created the NHS and the Welfare State, it was socially the UK’s finest hour. However if the middle class choose to continue to go down their current road, they would do well to remember if you put your head in a sleeping tigers mouth, you can hardly complain when it gets bitten off.



Filed under middle-class-bigots, Organized Rage, reform-or-revolution, socialism, The working-class, UK

Tommy Sheridan: already vindicated by a jury of his peers

The judicial system in the UK is adversarial, the libel Courts are especially so, the case for and against is put before the Judge and Jury and it is for a jury made up of our peers to decide. If anyone honestly believes that the truth and nothing but the truth is all that is spoken with in a British Court then they must be living in la la land. When Tommy Sheridan sued the News of the World for libeling him, Rupert Murdoch hired the best Lawyers and QC’s in the land, who in turn hired private detectives to make mince meat of Sheridan’s claims.

Murdoch had his day in court and failed to convince the Scottish jury, despite due to his great wealth having had every opportunity to knock Tommy Sheridan’s hat off. Such is life and the honorable thing for all to have done was move on. Dissatisfied with the result Murdoch as is his right, decided to appeal the juries decision, as is the way with his ilk, he believed he would get a more sympathetic hearing from the judicial elite.

It now seems some were far to impatient to await the outcome of the appeal, so the Scottish Constabulary were conscripted to do what Murdoch’s lawyers were unable to achieve when they had their day in court. Information released by the Lothian and Borders Police, to the veteran Scottish socialist Hugh Keer under the freedom of information act, shows that police force has spent over one million pounds investigating whether Mr Sheridan and others who gave evidence in the court case committed perjury.

Approximately forty-thousand police/support-staff hours have been spent so far investigating this case, police who had been working on other more serious crimes were drafted in to work on this inquiry. If you consider that in some areas of the UK, if your home is burgled you are unlikely to be visited by a police officer, one gets an idea of the priority the Chief Constable of the Lothian and Borders Police gave to this enquiry. It is difficult not so conclude that Tommy Sheridan and his wife and comrades have been singled out for special treatment by elements within the UK State, whether they be police, politicians or members of the judiciary.

That a number of people who testified for Mr Sheridan in the original court case against the News of the World have also been arrested, including Mrs Sheridan, makes me feel that this was done to bring pressure to bear so that these individuals reconsider whether to give evidence in the appeal. That this appeal has been put back to await the outcome of the Lothian and Borders Police enquiry confirms me in this suspicion.

For if those arrested are successfully prosecuted, which I do not believe will happen, Murdoch would almost certainly win his appeal with a nod from the top Beak and that cannot be right, for as one of the UK’s top Barristers, Ian Hamilton, QC said,
“Tommy Sheridan has been vindicated by a jury of his peers. A jury
 heard the evidence and awarded him damages. It is no part of the duty 
of our police to prove the jury wrong and a newspaper right.”

Finally I would just add this, whilst I recognize and applaud Tommy Sheridan’s contribution to the struggle for a more equitable society within Scotland, I feel he made a major political error when he encouraged his supporters to leave the Scottish Socialist Party, but when it comes to supporting Sheridan or Rupert Murdock (and a pliable Scottish criminal justice system) it is a no brainer. My support goes to Tommy all the way, I will argue through our political differences when these charges are dismissed. 



Filed under internationalism, Organized Rage, scotland, socialism, Tommy-Sheridan, UK

Sunday 9th March: International Women’s Day

I received an email today from the good people at the Working Class Movement Library in Salford, Manchester, letting me know that as usual the Library will be celebrating International Women’s Day on Sunday 9 March by holding an open meeting at which Eleanor Lewington will give a  talk about her mother Ivy Woods, who was an activist in the Co-operative Movement, the event is free, starts at 2pm and is open to women  and men. Light refreshments will be served.

The comrades also sent me a brief History of International Women’s Day which I found interesting and I thought I would share it with the readers of Organized Rage.*


History of International Women’s Day

The first International Women’s Day [IWD] was celebrated on 28 February 1909 in the United States following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. Among other relevant historic events, it commemorates the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire (New York, 1911), where over 140 women lost their lives. The idea of having an international women’s day was first put forward at the turn of the 20th century amid rapid world industrialization and economic expansion that led to protests over working conditions. The garment workers were protesting what they saw as very poor working conditions and low wages. The protesters were attacked and dispersed by police. These women established their first labor union in the same month two years later.

More protests followed on 8 March in subsequent years, most notably in 1908 when 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights. In 1910 the first international women’s conference was held in Copenhagen (in the labour-movement building located at Jagtvej 69, which until recently housed Ungdomshuset) by the Second International and an ‘International Women’s Day’ was established, which was submitted by the important German Socialist Clara Zetkin. The following year, IWD was marked by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. However, soon thereafter, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City killed over 140 garment workers. A lack of safety measures was blamed for the high death toll. Furthermore, on the eve of World War I, women across Europe held peace rallies on 8 March 1913. In the West, International Women’s Day was commemorated during the 1910s and 1920s, but dwindled. It was revived by the rise of feminism in the 1960s.

Demonstrations marking International Women’s Day in Russia proved to be the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Following the October Revolution, the Bolshevik feminist Alexandra Kollontai persuaded Lenin to make it an official holiday in Russia, and it was established, but was a working day until 1965. On May 8, 1965 by the decree of the USSR Presidium of the Supreme Soviet International Women’s Day was declared as a non working day in the USSR “in commemoration of outstanding merits of the Soviet women in communistic construction, in the defense of their Motherland during the Great Patriotic War, their heroism and selflessness at the front and in rear, and also marking the big contribution of women to strengthening friendship between peoples and struggle for the peace.”

In 1975, which had been designated as International Women’s Year, the United Nations gave official sanction to and began sponsoring International Women’s Day. The 2005 Congress (conference) of the British Trades Union Congress overwhelmingly approved a resolution calling for IWD to be designated a public holiday in the United Kingdom.



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Filed under equality, internationalism, International_Women's_Day, oppression, socialism